Monday, March 12, 2012



The name of this company should cause some problems for linguists, because it points to the Spanish and Swiss roots. Complexity will increase even more if found that the main branch of the firm was in France!
The link between the two countries was an engineer who was born in Switzerland Birkigt Marc (Marc Birkigt), created the very first Spanish car La Cuadra / Castro ("La Cuadra / Castro"). Company SA Hispano-Suiza ("Hispano-Suiza SA"), he founded in Barcelona in 1904, but its prosperity was due to the organization in 1911 for the French branch of the Spanish manufacturing cars under license.

At the origin of the tricky company, never had doubts at the technical level, Hispano-Suiza cars and their prestige
During the First World War and after the Hispano-Suiza aircraft engines produced excellent, and both its branches - the Spanish and French - became known as the manufacturers of many types of engineering products. In Spain, much less developed at that time than in France, before the war, collecting cars of their own design, but in 1919 switched to the French model. In 30-ies. they appeared less sophisticated options. Hispano-Suiza has experienced civil war in Spain and produced cars until 1944, all gathered around six thousand copies of various types.
For connoisseurs of the French passenger car division has always been more attractive. His first model after the First World War was the famous "CBF", ahead of the engineering term to her current Roll-Royce ("Rolls Royce") and for many years which had the same reputation. After that, Hispano-Suiza brand has become known as the French, not Spanish. This view was only intensified with the advent of the Tour Series 68 VI2. There is little doubt that it was the world's best cars, despite the existence of a Rolls-Royce, Bentley ("Bentley") or Cadillac ("Cadillac").
In 1938 a French factory Hispano-Suiza in the Bois-Colombes ceased production of automobiles, focusing on aircraft engines. After that mark in the country is not revived. Results were collected in France about 2600 cars. In 30-ies. Hispano-Suiza acquired the French car manufacturer Ballot ("Ballo"), but soon stopped its production line.
Hispano-Slliza AlfonSO XIII ("Hispano-Suiza Alfonso XIII") 1911-1914
Like many start-ups, Hispano-Suiza to gain credibility with the public involved in motorsport and was supported by the Spanish King Alfonso XIII, who established the prize in 1909 in the race for the Cup vuatyuretok in Cité.
Team Hispano-Suiza was considered the undisputed leader of the race, but hopes to come true is not it possible mechanical failure. Successful team performed at Boulogne, and in 1910 upgraded the machine not only took third place in the Cité, but won at Boulogne.

Inspired by the exploits of sports company Hispano-Suiza Spanish monarch, so the car was named in his honor - Alfonso XIII
In 1911 Birkigt decided to start producing copies of their loved ones for free sale, retaining the same chassis and aggregates, but using a 3.6-liter engine instead of the 2.6-liter. He called his new sports car racing fan in honor of Spanish King Alfonso XIII. The compact two-seater model has become the world's first sports car series. At that time she had a good design and has a top speed of 130 km / h Later, there were less than its sports, but just as successful alternatives.
The machine features easy to operate and very high-torque long-nohodnym engine that enabled without difficulty to move on winding roads. Wheelbase was short - 2.64 m for the two-seat version and 2.69 m for the four-seater, and low weight allowed to challenge the more serious and powerful machines of the time.

The 3.6-liter engine has allowed Alfonso XIII to become a high-speed car

Characteristics (1911)
Engine: P4 nizhneklapanny
Bore and Stroke: 80x180 mm
Displacement: 3620 cm3
Maximum power: 64 hp
Transmission: 3 - or 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on the leaf springs
Brakes: drum on the rear axle and transmission
Body: 2 - or 4-seater aluminum timber-framed
Maximum speed: 129 km / h
Hispano-Suiza H6B ("Isshsho N6V-Suiza")
The first model is established in France, Hispano-Suiza was named "N6V", presented in 1919 at the Paris Motor Show. It immediately set new benchmarks in the design of cars. And the engine and chassis "N6V" had a number of innovative solutions.
Thus, the brake system has a mechanical amplifier is so efficient that the company Rolls-Royce acquired the license for its manufacture and applied a similar device for 40 years. For those familiar with the aircraft engines Hispano-Suiza, the engine "N6V" There is nothing surprising, but for the automotive industry have become a novelty aluminum cylinder block, removable liner, the upper cam and removable cylinder head.
This model speeds up to 137 km / h, was out of the competition to catch up technologically and made such famous companies as Rolls-Royce and Cadillac. Not surprisingly, Birkigt many years a policy of "one chassis." In 1924, for "N6V" followed a similar model N6S Boulogne ("Boulogne") and its variant Type 56bis ("Type 56bis"), manufactured in the 30s. the Spanish company's plant. They were collected before the new model "VI2". Sales of the previous versions also continued in the 30s. There were produced about 2.2 thousand "N6V" and 264 - "N6S." Interestingly, the "CBF" in the 1924-27 years. produced under license by the Czechoslovak firm Skoda ("Skoda").
The brilliant "N6S" in 1924 with the body of an amazing tulip tree, with an 8-liter engine. Andre Dubonnet (Andre Dubonnet) acted on it only in one race
Characteristics (1919)
Engine: P6, the upper cam
Bore and stroke: 100x140 mm
Displacement: 6597 cm3
Maximum Power: 135 hp
Transmission: 3-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: aluminum and steel on a wooden frame
Maximum speed: 137 km / h
Variants of Hispano-Suiza H6B Hispano-Suiza H6C Boulogne
Sports version of the "N6S", which became the development of machines to win races at Boulogne in 1921-23. The dimension of their engines was 110x140 mm (7983 cm3).
Hispano-Suiza Type 56bis
This version released on the company's plant in Barcelona (Spain).
Hispano-Suiza Type 68 V12 ("Hispano-Suiza Type 68 V12") 1931-1938
Mark Birkigt planned to replace "N6V" more worthy model for Type 68, which was created for the great engine of V12. But the expected success of the machine is not achieved, and the parallel production of "N6V" persisted until the end. Again, when creating a new engine was the experience of the aviation industry. Nevertheless, the company refused to place valve train at the top of the engine, using the usual (and quieter), the overhead circuit. In fact, the motor for the Type 68 V12 was the development of a similar aircraft engine, created by Mark Birkigtom during World War II.
Luxury Touring Tour 68 V12 with 9.4-liter engine produced by hand only for very wealthy clients
The new car was introduced in 1931, when the economic crisis in Europe is even more intensified. Produced it by hand for very rich people. Gorgeous car cost fabulous sums. Its wheelbase (4 m) was greater than the overall length of the car Ford Escort ("Ford Escort") 80s. Except for the Bugatti 41 Royale ("Bugatti Royale 41"), it was the most expensive French production car and probably the fastest sedan / limousine service in the world. He was in all respects may be compared with the Cadillac V16 same time.
Of course, the car sold in very limited quantities. It did not help and the introduction of 11.3-liter engine (250 hp), which was used at that time and the French railway rolling stock. In 1931-38 years. was produced only 76 cars "68 V12". This explains the rapid abandonment of their production with a sharp increase in demand for aircraft engines of the company in connection with the enhanced development of the French Air Force.
Since "68 V12" appeared in the middle of the recession, sales of it were very small. Most of the engines had a working volume of 9424 cm3 (190 hp), part of the machine was 11.3-liter engine (250 hp). In the photo - convertible Tour 68 V
Characteristics (1931)
Engine: VI2, the overhead
Bore and stroke: 100x100 mm
Displacement: 9424 cm3
Maximum power: 190 or 250 hp
Transmission: 3-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 2 -, 4 - or 6-place for various types of
Maximum speed: 161 km / h

No comments:

Post a Comment