Friday, March 9, 2012



This company really has lived several lives: as an independent company in London, as a branch of Rootes ("Rute") and, finally, as the revived brand of running a French group Peugeot ("Peugeot").
Company Clement-Talbot ("Clement-Talbot") was founded in 1903 with the financial help of the graph area of Shrewsbury. Then she started to import cars from France Clement, but in the end of the year, cars were brand Talbot. Then two years later appeared on the market by the UK model, Talbot, and by the beginning of the Second World War the company Talbot stood firm on his feet, having a modern factory in North Kensington. Talbot race car first broke more than 161 km per hour - it happened in 1913 in Bruklende.

Sunbeam-Lotus Stig Blomqvist (Stig Blomqvist) and Soederberg Bjorn (Bjorn Cederberg) Rally Scotland 1982 In 1981 the car won the World Rally Championship
In 1919 the company acquired the French firm Darracq ("Darrak"), resulting in a 1-liter appeared Darracq-based Talbot, in the end turned into a model of Talbot 10/23HP. In 1925 the company absorbed the firm Darracq Sunbeam ("Sunbeam"), which formed a group STD. By this time the authority of the Talbot staggered, but returned after a short break, George Resch (Georges Roesch), occupied since 1916 as chief engineer of the company, contributed to the revival of Talbot with a new series of vehicles with six-cylinder swept volume to 3.4 liters. These high-speed motors are efficient and becoming more powerful and used until 1937 models such as "75", "90", "105" and "110" were very speedy, powerful, and were of high quality production, but high prices and high costs operation reduced the volume of sales to a minimum.
When a group of STD bankrupt, the company has acquired Talbot Rootes Group, and former model is solved using the remnants of his appeal. Then there is a new brand of Sanbeam-Talbot. On the chassis Hillman ("Hillman") and the Humber ("Humber") began to set new fashion body. It continued until 1954, after which the name Talbot refused.

Roesch-Talbot 105 Sports in 1931 had a 3-liter 6-cylinder engine that developed in the presence of naturally aspirated 138 hp power
In the 60's. Rootes group acquired a group Chrysler ("Chrysler"), and this fact could be the end of the history of Talbot, but in 1978 the European branch of Chrysler bought by Peugeot, a year to revive the brand. Existing Chrysler models were renamed Talbot, as well as create new under this name.
In the early 80s. sold more hatchbacks Talbot Sunbeam, Samba ("Samba") and Horizon ("Horizon"), and a great car Tagora ("Tagore") was waiting for failure. The former "Chrysler-skaya" model of Sunbeam-Lotus ("Sunbeam-Lotus"), specially created for the competition, was the winner in the 1981 World Rally Championship.
But the resurrected Talbot remained the least successful in the program, Peugeot and could not compete with as part of a group company Citroen ("Citroen"). Therefore, in the mid 80s. declined from this brand, and the British and French factories Talbot started producing models of Peugeot and Citroen.
A series of Roesch-Talbot ("Decision-Talbot") 1930-1937
Swiss engineer George Resch, who worked primarily in the French automobile industry, began in 1916 after moving to the UK company's chief engineer Talbot. After a brief hiatus associated with the creation of sports cars and French for the Sunbeam Talbot ("Talbot"), he returned in 1925 in London. At this time, Talbot was a British company in a difficult situation, and the problem was solved by restore lost positions.

In 1931 this car model "105" was involved in four major competitions
First he created the chassis, as well as all subsequent ones, was a relatively simple structure, while the new 6-cylinder engine was excellent. He had a crankshaft with four legs and a working volume of 1665 cm3. As produced in limited quantities could often and successfully subjected to modernization. As a result, he received polnooporny the crankshaft, and its working volume increased for the model "105" to 2969 cm!, And for "110" - up to 3377 cm3.
During this period, cars were made at a factory in the north Kensington, and the body came from the company Darracq of Acton. Nominally, the engine was the overhead with a simple carb, but is designed and implemented carefully, especially for easy and efficient valve train. The most powerful version of his model "110" has developed more than 160 hp and provided the car with special bodywork in Bruklende the track at a speed of 225 km / h

The car "105" factory team won the 1931 in its class in the race at Le Mans, becoming the third in the overall standings
Cars Talbot successfully performed in various competitions from 1930 to 1934 - a period when many of their competitors had a supercharged engine and a few carbs. This was the policy is guided, which made futile efforts of the factory team cars, and did not allow the firm to win an unconditional victory.
Most models of Roesch-Talbot had an index approximately the power of the engine. In the early 30's. There were many such cars: in 1930 there were "70/75" and "90" next year "105", the year after "95" with a 3-liter engine with a reduced compression ratio. The most powerful model of the "110" was introduced in 1934

Due to disagreements within the leadership of the company that appeared in 1935, Talbot came under the control of Rootes and solved to the displeasure of his car very quickly became complete with knots and aggregates company Humber. The latest model of Roesch-Talbot was created before the declaration of "deadening" policy Rootes, so the car was a fully independent suspension. Plant Equipment companies are not allowed to make the transition to modern design. Resch also had a great line, "eight" (4.5 liters) for the unfinished model Rootes Sunbeam 1936
Most models were produced "70" and "75" - 2757 pieces and only 216 cars with an index of "90", 806 - "95", 335 - "105" and 154 - "110".

Decision made for the model "105" very compact "six" by placing the cylinders in staggered

Characteristics of (105, 1931)
Engine: P6, the overhead
Bore and Stroke: 75x112 mm
Displacement: 2969 cm3
Maximum Power: 100 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 4-seater sedan, touring, or sport
Maximum speed: 137 km / h
Options Roesch Talbot Roesch Talbot 70/75
Produced in the 1930-35 years. engine dimensions 69,5 x100 mm (2276 cm3). First, the index was "70", but after the release of 119 car model called the "75".
Roesch Talbot 90
Produced in 1930-33 years. with the engine on the model of "75" with an increased compression ratio. It was a sports car racing. Later, a version with a shorter wheelbase.
Roesch Talbot 95
Produced in 1932-35 years. with the engine on the model "105" (2969 cm3) with a reduced compression ratio and increased to 3.04 m wheelbase.
Roesch Talbot 105
Appeared in 1931 with an engine cylinder capacity of 2969 cm3 (100 hp).
Roesch Talbot 110
Produced in 1934-37 years. engine dimensions 80x112 mm (3377 cm3), whose power was actually 120 hp This car is a real class "grand touring" maximum speed of not less than 153 km / h The standard transmission was a preliminary choice includes the step.
Talbot Sunbeam-Lotus ("Talbot Sunbeam-Lotus"), 1979-1981
Before the European branch of Chrysler Group was sold to French firm Peugeot, work began on creating a compact and powerful car with a hatchback for factory-gral Liina team. According to the then head of the team Deza O'Dell (Des O'Dell), "to defeat the Ford Escort, we need to build a car better than Escort. Here we have it and built." The car debuted in March 1979 under the name Chrysler Sunbeam-Lotus. But she went on sale in the same year is a Talbot Sunbeam-Lotus.

Talbot Sunbeam-Lotus Rally "Manco" 1984 machine, which should produce a limited edition, has become a bestseller
By the standards of the late 70s. A new car was a light, compact and relatively simple. So George Resch it probably would have approved, even if it did not differ to a special elegance and refinement of the structure. The model was a special modification of the typical developed to successfully complete the most difficult special stages of the World Rally Championship.
That's sports division of the European branch of the Corporation Chrysler, and subsequently the firm Talbot, has determined the layout of this machine: it is the first prototype was built in Coventry, long before they ordered O'Dell to get started. The basic machine has a 3-door hatchback Chrysler / Talbot Sunbeam, whose platform was a truncated model is based on Hillman / Chrysler Avenger ("Hillman / Chrysler Eyvendzher"). It established a 16-valve engine with two camshafts Lotus, 5-speed transmission company ZF, reinforced rear axle, suspension and brakes.

Crew Guy Frekelin - Fashill Jean (Jean Fauchille) Talbot in his car on the road rally us in 1982
To obtain homologation for Group 4, it was necessary to make 400 copies of the machine. Make it could without much difficulty. But the company Peugeot felt that the market has room for 150-horsepower road car and laid the greater volume of output. As a result, less than two years, built 3308 of these machines. Of this amount, the British acquired the car in 1184. The closest competitors - Ford Escort RS1800 and the Vauxhall Chevette HS - production of such volumes could only dream of.
Pre-assembly machine was carried out on the Scottish plant Sunbeam. They were then transported to the plant in Norfolk, Lotus for completion. In the standard version of the 2.2-liter engine had a capacity of 150 hp Rally version developed 250 hp This is quite enough to become a dangerous rival at the World Rally Championship.

Many athletes were naralliynyh machines Talbot "private". The photo-Brooks (Brookes) and Bryant (Bryant) to rally us in 1980
Road version of the car has good speed and excellent maneuverability, even though for the sake of sporting success and the opportunity to improve driving performance many had to sacrifice quite deliberately. In particular, the ZF box would not use it. But O'Dell and his team considered it most suitable for motor sports.
Sports career cars lasted only three seasons. The factory rally team quickly became a winner in various competitions. Even in 1981, when production of these machines was discontinued, Talbot again won the World Rally Championship among manufacturers, and most successful factory team rider Guy Frekelin (Guy Frequelin) finished second in the individual competition.
On this high note and ended rally software from Talbot. The winning car was taken out of production and management of Peugeot shifted its attention to the training-wheel-drive supercar rally Peugeot 205 T16.

Frekelin - Todt (Tout) to the Talbot during the 1980 rally us at this time, they came third. In 1981, this car finished first

Characteristics (1979)
Engine: P4, two camshafts
Bore and stroke: 95,25 x76, 2 mm
Displacement: 2174 cm3
Maximum Power: 150 hp
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Chassis: a steel monocoque body
Suspension: Front independent MacPherson strut at the back axle on the helical springs
Brakes: disc / drum
Body: 4-seater hatchback
Maximum speed: 185 km / h

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