Friday, March 9, 2012



The company SAAB (Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget - "Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget") from the start producing airplanes. "Company of the Swedish airplane" (so translated her name) started to develop the first car in the 40s. The prototype of this machine was ready in 1947 almost simultaneously with the first jet fighter SAAB, but it took another two years to start its production under the name SAAB 92.
He created his skastit Sixten (Sixten Skasten) based on the experience of designing high-speed aircraft: it was carrying the body is very streamlined, and became the leading front-wheel drive. Some just lost the car due to its engine. Because the company did not see prospects for their own automobile engine, the first time we used a two-stroke version of the pre-war two-cylinder engine of German company DKW (DHQ) working volume of 764 cm3.

SAAB 96L 1977 was outwardly similar to the SAAB 92 1947
In 1955 the car received a code "93" and 3-cylinder two-stroke engine cylinder capacity of 748 cm3. In 1960 appeared SAAB 96, where Erik Karlsson (Erik Carlsson) won the Monte Carlo Rally in 1962 and 1963. Later, three-cylinder engine gave way to German V4, and in 1969, instead of the old car company launched a much more perfect model of "99" in-line 4-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft design firm Triumph ("Triumph"). With this guide SAAB has long emphasized that its designers had a lot of work on its improvement.

SAAB 900 Turbo 16S 1993 the Company became one of the first use of turbocharging on production cars
For some time the company produced and sports cars. She created a series of car Sonnet ("Sonnet") with fiberglass bodies, with a 3 - or 4-cylinder engines. In 1968 SAAB merged with the manufacturer of trucks Scania-Vabis ("Scania-Vabis"), and in 1972 began producing its own version of the engine Triumph, the working volume of which increased up to 1985 cm3. Behind him there was a model "99 Turbo" ("Turbo").

Pilot SAAB EV-1 was built in 1985 was first shown at the Auto Show in Los Angeles. Forced four-cylinder engine developed 285 hp, which provided a top speed of 300 km / h and acceleration from a standstill to 96 km / h in 5.4 seconds
In 1978 as a result of a radical modernization of the SAAB 99 car company started to manufacture the model "900" increased in size, which has existed in various versions until the 90th. The appearance of all SAAB cars was quite unusual, while in 1984 there were no cars new series of "9000". Throughout its history the company SAAB due to lack of funds created only 4-cylinder engines. This, in turn, has hampered its market opportunities, which eventually led to the loss of independence in 1991, when a controlling stake in the company switched to an American concern General Motors ("GM").

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