Monday, March 12, 2012



This company, at one time seriously compete with the Mercedes-Benz ("Mercedes Benz") in the sector of luxury cars, founded August Horch (August Horch) in Cologne-Ehrenfeld in 1899 In 1904 she moved to Zwickau. Three years later, August Horch, and disagreed with its partners regarding lineup, left the company, founded in the same city another company Horch, was soon renamed the Audi ("Audi").
First Horch produced a lot of cars with different four-cylinder engines. In 20-ies. She started to produce a series of prestigious cars, which was the initiator of the new chief engineer Paul Daimler (Paul Daimler), son of the famous Gottlieb (Gottlieb) Daimler. The first of a series of eight-cylinder Horch was the model "300" in-line "eight" with the upper gas distribution mechanism and the two camshafts, later followed by the model "305" and "306" with the same design on the motors. Model "350/375" (1928) had a 4-liter version of the engine (80 hp).

Relief Horch emblem on the radiator of one of the luxurious "VI2" the 30-ies. This car has challenged a number of powerful pre-war Mercedes cars
After the departure of Paul Daimler there were two conceived their car - "400" and "405". The first post-daymlerovskoy model has a completely new "450" ​​(1930). She had options not only for the wheelbase, but also on the working volume of the engine. Released before the end of the 30-ies. In 1932, Horch Company entered into a new German company Auto Union ("Auto Union"), which also included Audi, DKW (DCS) and the Wanderer ("Wanderer"). Famous cars Auto Union Grand Prix ("Grand Prix") were created in factories Horch in Zwickau.
In 30-ies. the firm continued to manufacture exclusive models, but it is difficult to determine the origin of the historians of their indices, as different machines were produced with different wheelbases and engine capacity. Thus, in the late 30's. Horch produced row "eight" with the upper timing and mechanism nizhneklapannye V8 engine with an angle of the collapse of the block 66 °. The working volume of 3.5-5 l was, and power - 75-120 hp In the year produces no more than 500 machines with 8-cylinder engines.
The most notable, but the most rare and complicated machines 30s., - The massive "600/670" with a V12 engine and 8-cylinder "850". Horch Company sold its cars at a lower price than the Mercedes-Benz. Prior to the Second World War the company prospered. Along with Mercedes cars big cars Horch used by the German military and political leaders.
After the war, at the same plant Horch, who are in East Germany, began to produce cars Trabant ("Trabant") with 2-stroke motor-nym. It should also be noted that in the mid 50s. attempt was made to manufacture models of middle-class branded Sachsenring ("Zaksenring"). Produced only a small batch of vehicles. Remains of heraldry Horch left the factory and when it closed in 1991
Horch 670 ("Horch 670"), 1931-1933
Horch 20-ies. 8-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft was a great car, but it was not enough to attract buyers who are committed brand Mercedes. By 1929, only 16 managed to sell cars, and the next year none. Therefore, the company invited a new designer Fritz Fiedler (Fritz Fiedler), later created the famous model of the BMW 328. It came with a very ambitious plan, especially given the economic state of Europe at that time. His proposal was a luxury car with the engine V12. The first copy was ready for the Paris Motor Show (Fall 1931), where the car caused a sensation. The designer of the company Horch Herman Arens (Herman Ahrens) succeeded very attractive two-door convertible body model "670". The four-body Pullman ("Pullman") was more traditional.

Cars Horch 670 draws an elegant cabriolet
Unfortunately, the convertible body had a very severe for developing the 12-cylinder engine, full load machine weighed about 2.5 tons Motor was a conservative design with a sucker rod operated valves, although he had hydropushers, vibration damper and 7 main bearings. For the latest driver provided for the inclusion of an increased supply of oil at a speed close to the maximum. Painted in black, 6-liter engine developed 120 hp only at 3500 rev / min. However, the torque was very high and heavy car could accelerate smoothly in top gear with a speed of 24 km / h to a maximum of 129 km / h
For the model "670" the company has created a 6-liter VI2 with the angle of the collapse of the 60. "He developed a total of 120 hp, but impressed by its high torque
Transmission of firm ZF (ZF) had synchronizers on three stages, with the highest level had a gear ratio of 0.67, which also nullified the possibility of pulling the engine. The machine had a great handling, although it was dependent on the suspension semi-elliptic leaf springs. Worse were the brakes, not very helpful, and the increase in diameter reels up to 16 inches.
The exact number of vehicles collected is unknown, but assumed that was released only 54 machines, of which survived to the present day four copies. All - 2-door convertibles, one of them was in the collection of the brothers Schlumpf (Schlumpf), as pictured here belongs to the American version of the collector.
On the chassis "670" to set different vehicle. This convertible issue in 1932 - one of the most attractive. Were built more than 50 series machines "670"
Characteristics (1931)
Engine: VI2, the overhead
Bore and Stroke: 80x100 mm
Displacement: 5990 cm3
Maximum Power: 120 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 4 - and 6-bed types
Maximum speed: 129 km / h
Norch 853 ("Horch 853"), 1936-1939
After the departure of Paul Daimler and non-extravagant row "eight" with two overhead camshafts company Horch has returned to normal sacking eight-cylinder engine that was created this time by Mr. Fritz Fidle, who later worked for BMW, and after the Second World War - in Bristol ("Bristol").
While such a structure had its heyday, and machines with motors have a frame with the elements of the closed section, and an independent front suspension. The engines with a single overhead camshaft over 10 main bearings, and worked with synchronized transmissions.
Horch 853 was a time the most expensive car Group Auto Union. He had the line "eight" (5 L, 120 hp)
The first "eight" Fiedler was established in 1930 on the model of "450." More popular cars with this engine were "850" and "950" late 30's. The motor had a working volume of 5 liters and power 100 or 120 hp Cars are not being so heavy, different speed. Several of these machines were sold in the UK, where they compete with models Bentley ("Bentley") and Lagonda ("Lagonda") and cost less. Successful sales prevented a British patriotism and a growing rejection of the entire German.
The most athletic of all the Horch was the model "853" Release 1936-39 years. (only built 950 cars) with a cabriolet, is somewhat similar to Mercedes-Benz 540K. She had an independent front suspension and rear axle de Dion. With that, the machine weighed about 2.3 tons, it developed the speed of 145 km / h, but different dynamics of the poor.
Horch 853 Cabriolet different independent front suspension and rear axle, de Dion
Feature (853 Cabriolet)
Engine: P8, the overhead
Bore and Stroke: 87x104 mm
Displacement: 4946 cm3
Maximum Power: 120 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: Front Independent by transverse leaf springs, de Dion rear semi-elliptic leaf springs at the
Brakes: drum
Body: 4 - and 6-bed types
Maximum speed: 145 km / h
Options Horch 853 Horch 850, 851 and 951
A more pronounced hiking model with an extended wheelbase, less powerful and heavier (all except "951", with a conventional rear axle). Some machines have a huge wheelbase 3.78 m

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