Saturday, March 10, 2012



The company Lanchester, settled down to its unification in 1931 with the firm Daimler ("Daimler") in Birmingham, was one of the first car manufacturers in the UK. Founded by its talented engineers, Lanchester brothers. Frederick (Frederick), first alone was responsible for the design, then he was joined by George (George).

All the early cars Lanchester, as this 28-strong model in 1910, Frederick Lanchester soedpny with brother George
The company has always been their own decisions, not following the obvious trends, offering customers their best development. The first Lanchester car appeared in 1895, but production only began in 1900 with a 2-cylinder boxer engine with air cooling. The first liquid-cooled engine was introduced in 1902, the first 4-cylinder cars - in 1904, and 6-cylinder - in 1906
The company has created two classic Lanchester cars - Forty ("forty") 1919-1929 years. and long unreleased Thirty ("Thirty"). They were not the most successful machines, but their design enhanced the reputation of other models of the company. Both had a high rate and were very expensive. For the price, they compete with cars Rolls-Royce ("Rolls Royce"). So demand for cars was small. There was a company by models such as Twenty-One ("Twenty-One"), which was a smaller version of Forty, and the ensuing Twenty-Three ("Twenty-three").

In this photo provided coupe with a removable top 1930 Body - from Corsica ("Corsica")
During a recession the banks refused to help the company Lanchester, and she had to join in the Birmingham BSA Group ("CBS-Yo Group"). BSA owned by Daimler and Lanchester has transferred the production of Coventry.
Pretty soon changed the strategy of the firm and a host of new designs. The logo became a familiar Lanchester on the cheap versions of cars Daimler. Also, while cheaper options Lanchester cars sold under the brand BSA. In 30-ies. Lanchester cars differed non-removable cylinder heads, gearboxes with hydraulic clutch and the choice includes a preliminary stage, and the model Roadrider De Luxe ("Roudrayder De Luxe") was also an independent front suspension.

Thirty car was easier to manage than any previous machine company, but the cost prohibitively expensive
Lanchester lasted until the mid 50s. The last of her car was bad Sprite ("Sprite"), after which the company existed only formally. In 1960 part of its assets are acquired company Jaguar ("Jaguar").
Lanchester Forty ("Lanchester Forty"), 1919-1929
Lanchester Forty - an engineering masterpiece of the years, built on the highest quality standards. Appropriate and has been its price. The car competed with Rolls-Royce and Daimler. This is manufactured in limited quantities to buy a model, even the crowned heads of Great Britain and other countries. And the Duke of York, who later became King George VI, said he prefers his Forty to all other vehicles.
Created by George Lanchester, the car was a direct descendant of the pre-war machines "38NR," and Sporting Forty ("Cnopting Forti"). Big and heavy model overclocked to a speed of 104 km / h, and its lighter variants are sometimes crossed the line at 129 km / h
Forty was in production for 10 years. In 1929-31 years. it can be bought only by special order. Chassis Car of the first issue worth GBP 2200, with 1921 its price had fallen to 1,800 GBP (Less than 50 GBP, than the same Rolls-Royce 40/50NR). Experts considered a luxury car, but the old-fashioned, and most of them believed that the extremely high price of the car company will lead to financial ruin Lanchester.
The model is almost entirely manufactured by the company. Its 6-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft, whose design is largely determined by the device Lanchester aircraft engines during the First World War, supplemented by a complex planetary gearbox and worm final drive. The company introduced the brakes on all wheels with the original hydro-mechanical drive in 1924, ahead of the firm Rolls-Royce.
One of the cars Forty modernized, forced the engine, facilitated and provided a different body for racing in Bruklende. At the local track, he has a top speed over 161 km / h and set several records in endurance events.

Forty (left photo) was the supercar of its time. They enjoyed and King George V. In lite machine has been successful in racing

Characteristics (1919)
Engine: Ps, the upper cam
Bore and Stroke: 101,6 x127 mm
Displacement: 6178 cm3
Maximum Power: 100 hp
Transmission: 3-stage planetary
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on the leaf springs
Brakes: Rear drum
Body: 3-8-bed types
Maximum speed: 105 km / h
Lanchester Thirty ("Lanchester Thirty"), 1928-1932
In hindsight, one might think that the model of Thirty Lanchester was a prudent step at the first sign of depression in 1929 In fact, the Lanchester brothers began its creation in 1927, long before the economic meltdown.
The design of the car body in general and in particular, was solid and quite traditional. The car received a new eight-cylinder engine and a conventional gearbox. Historians, including Sedgwick, Michael (Michael Sedgwick), a model described as the finest Thirty of the 8-cylinder cars of the period. Its engine cylinder block made of solid cast iron and cast aluminum crankcase was driven by a cam shaft in cylinder head and crankshaft polnooporny. At the same time the gearbox was a simple 4-step with moving gears. The company has retained its traditional worm gear and the main cantilever spring rear suspension. The car developed a speed of 120 km / h, while its lightweight version - 145 km / h
Model Thirty was faster and more dynamic than that. Forty, which it replaced, as well as less expensive. The first chassis cost of GBP 1325, and the price of a typical 4-door sedan with fabric upholstery was 450 GBP Yet the machine, given the economic situation in the world, was expensive. For three years the company produced only 126 copies of this model. Production was completed shortly after the occurrence of Lanchester in the BSA / Daimler.

Thirty model produced in the 1928-32 years. She developed a speed of 121 km / h

Characteristics (1928)
Engine: P8, the upper cam
Bore and Stroke: 78,7 x114 mm
Displacement: 4440 cm3
Maximum power: 82 hp
Transmission: 4-speed planetary
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on the leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body type: 5-passenger sedan or 7-passenger limousine
Maximum speed: 121 km / h

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