Saturday, March 10, 2012



The Japanese company Toyo Kogyo ("Toyo Kogyo") began with the manufacture of cork, and then began to produce machines and equipment, and its first three-wheeled vehicle assembled in the 1931 queue of cars occurred only in I960, when on sale model "R-360".
The next two decades, marked not only by rapid growth in production volumes, and active introduction of new technologies. The first and only company in Japan has mastered the production of Wankel rotary engine (Wankel), maintaining credibility, and in our days.
All models of the first period, except for the small-scale compartment "110S", were family, and most of them - the small size sedans, which is explained by the peculiarities of local tax laws. In the early 70s. Mazda launched a Wankel engine installation commissioned by a number of its models, such as the "RX-3."

Elegant Mazda RX-7, presented at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1978 and equipped with two-piece rotary engine, the company has proven the ability to make great sports cars, reliable and powerful engines, the Wankel. Later the "RX-7" has performed with great success in competitions in Europe and North America
After the energy crisis of 1973-74. and the resulting tightening of the requirements for exhaust emissions, most companies who have used the rotary engine, abandoned him. But Mazda has decided not to lose face, and continued development. Since then, its production program has always had at least one passenger model with this engine.
In the 70's. between Mazda and Ford have established financial concern, communication, and at the end of the decade the company has grown thanks to the authority of the rotor "RX-7." Once the company introduced in 1980, front-wheel drive family of "323" with a transverse engine, its image in the eyes of the buyers began to change rapidly. Collaboration with Ford is soon turned into agreements in the field of design, manufacture and market-oriented policies, often to the detriment of Mazda.
Significantly improved second generation of "RX-7" appeared in the 1985 addition to the rear independent suspension, it was a rotary engine capacity 1216 cm3, which is the basic version developed 150 hp at 6500 rev / min and maximum torque of 184 Nm at 3000 r / min
By the mid-80s. Ford stopped production of cars of their own design in countries such as Australia and New Zealand, preferring to sell under its own logo slightly modified in appearance and constructive model Mazda. At the same time the Japanese company opened a plant in the U.S. state of Michigan. It produced not only cars for sale in the United States, but the model Ford, created on the basis of machines Mazda. At this stage, the Japanese company brought together a program for the domestic market and identified a large number of models for different countries, ranging from minicar to large sedans.
The next major change in company policy occurred in the late 80s. She showed great interest in the motor racing world, not just race cars financing of the group, but also in Germany, founded the rally team. Then, Mazda launched a series of technologically advanced sports cars, mostly "MX-5 Miata" ("Miata"), "MX-3" and "MX-6."
This company is one of the most enterprising among Japanese manufacturers of automobiles, often manifesting itself an innovator in the creation of their models. An example of this, the machines' MX-6 ", Xedos (" Ksedos ")," RX-7 "and others.

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