Monday, March 12, 2012



Hudson company was founded in 1909 by Howard Earle Coffin (Howard Earle Coffin) and Roy Daykmen Chapin (Roy Dikeman Chapin), respectively, the former chief engineer and manager of the sales company Oldsmobile ("Oldsmobil"). Financial support they gave Hudson a millionaire who owned the Detroit area in the network of stores. Hudson 640 (1914) became the lightest b-cylinder car in the U.S. and the company has provided a strong positive reputation. Releasing 10,260 vehicles, Hudson has become the world's largest manufacturer of 6-cylinder cars. Since then, it produced more cars with closed bodies than its competitors. Body supplied by Biddle and Smart ("Smart Biddle End") from Amesbury, Massachusetts.
A subsidiary of Essex ("Essex") began collecting cars in 1917 at the plant unproductive Hudson. When the output of both companies caught up in 1922, they teamed up. In 1926, Hudson opened a new plant capacity of 1.5 thousand bodies a day, ensuring that all their requests. The annual output amounted to 110 thousand vehicles and 160 thousand Hudson Essex, which gave the group a total of Hudson-Essex third place in sales behind Ford ("Ford") and Chevrolet ("Chevy"). The Great Depression forced to rename the model to the Essex Terraplane ("Terrapleyn").
Hudson introduced in 1930 in-line "eight" (3.5 L), remained in production until 1952 Car of the company in demand in the UK: they were collected in the western part of London in the amount of two thousand units per year. And Terraplane, Hudson, and successfully performed in competition. Hudson set a record of the American Automobile Association to raise the production vehicles on the hill in 1933 by financial reasons Terraplane name disappeared in 1938 when in 1940, Hudson introduced independent front suspension, its cars were advertised as "the safest in America." During the Second World War the company produced components for aircraft, marine engines Invader ("Inveyder") and implements Oerlikon ("Oerlikon").
The most elegant model, the company demonstrated after the war. Chief designer Frank Spring (Frank Spring) created in 1948, the body, called the Step-Down ("Step-Down"), in which part of the frame behind the rear wheel arches consisted of cantilever beams located below the main part of the frame. At the same time the body was welded to the frame and forms a supporting structure. In-line 8-cylinder engine was later used in the Super Six ("Cyper Six") in the form Pacemaker ("Peysmeyker"). In 1951 appeared Hornet ("Hornet") with a new nizhneklapannym 6-cylinder engine (145 hp). The car has performed well in the competition, although it looked like an anachronism engine compared to the used by most companies in the U.S. motor V8. By 1950, sales reached 150 thousand units, but after 3 years they have fallen to 33 thousand even the appearance in 1953 of a new compact model, Jet ("Jet") did not attract buyers.
In 1954, Hudson merged with Nash and formed American Motors Corporation ("American Motors Corporation"). In fact, it was the decline of brand Hudson, as the majority of its vehicles was an emblem of Nash. They were collected in Kenosha, Wisconsin, installed V8 engines from Jet, Hornet and Packard ("Pa-card"). By 1955, sales have increased. Hudson carried the emblem of the compact Rambler ("Rembler") and options for Austin Metropolitan ("Austin Metropolitan"). With 1958 cars were called Rambler. Although since then Hudson would not let cars, its Detroit factory built military vehicles such as Mighty Mite 4x4 ("Mighty Mait"). He eventually moved to the military branch of American Motors General ("American General Motors").
Hudson Hornet ("Hudson Hornet") 1951-1954
Manufacture of bearing the body of Frank Spring, which he founded in 1941, was postponed until 1948 a series of new machines discovered Pacemaster, it was followed by Super Six, Hornet, Wasp ("Uesp"), Super Wasp and the flagship of Commodore ("Commodore "). It was eventually produced more than 142 thousand cars Step-Down. Special versions included the convertible hard top Super Wasp Hollywood ("Hollywood") and Commodore Brougham ("Commodore Brogem"). It was supposed to use the line "eight" (4.2 liters), but the production model of the Hornet went to the row "Six" (5 L, 145 hp) that has achieved success in the American racing series cars. We have created this series of Frem Sam (Sam Frahm) and Reylton Reid (Reid Railton). Named it Step-Down because the back part of the underbody was below the main frame. Both rear-wheel vehicles were special console frame, which provided a low level of the floor in the rear. Lower center of gravity thus determined the successful performance of the machines at racetracks.
Frank Murphy before the arrival of the head of design services Hudson, an engineer in France and worked in the 20s. in the body of Murphy Body ("Murphy Bodi"). He and his staff were responsible for the appearance of the car, the interior and all the materials ready for transfer to the company's Technical Center. In developing the model Commodore design team used plaster scale models instead of the commonly used clay. Disadvantage - the difficulty of making changes, and therefore at the design stage, the company had problems. For example, with cooling of the engine. Necessary to increase the height of the radiator grille, but the management refused to such a decision in favor of the lining of lower height. Another stylistic feature was the tiny rear window height of 28 cm, modeled Buick Sedanette ("Buick Sedanett") in 1942 on a new series of Step-Down for the first time used a metallic pigment and a combination of two colors. Machines have an excess of chromium, sun visors for the entire width of the windshields.INNOCENTI 

Hornet in 1951, created by designer Frank Spring and engineers, and Sam Fremom Rzyltonom Reid had stepped frame. The back of the bottoms of his body and the body panels were on a very small height of the roadway

Characteristics (Hornet)
Engine: P6
Volume: 5 liters
Chassis: welded to the body on a steel frame with consoles
Suspension: front independent on helical springs, rear semi-elliptic leaf springs on the dependent
Brakes: 2-door coupe or 4-door sedan

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