Saturday, March 10, 2012



The name of the company was in honor of the winged horse Pegasus in Greek mythology. He founded it in 1951, the Spanish State Concern ENASA (ENAS). In the early 50s. he bought the bankrupt firm's production capacity Hispano-Suiza ("Hispano-Suiza") and intended to start assembling trucks. At the same time guide ENASA had a great desire to manufacture small batches sports car brand Pegaso, which would bring glory to the concern of the whole of Spain. Since the prestige of this venture was ranked first, and shareholders have not been public concern, no one ever cared about the profitability of the project. In the seven years of production were produced only 110 cars technically complex, and everything was done manually. The vast majority of cars was the body of third-party manufacturers.

For the vast majority of cars built Pegaso body specialized company. This shows one of the very rare instances of "Z102" with the body making Pegaso
Designer appointed Wilfredo Rikarta (Wilfredo Ricart), previously taken part in the establishment cars National Pescara ("Nacional Pescara"). Before and during World War II, he was technical manager of the Italian Alfa Romeo ("Alfa Romeo"). Rikart was satisfied with the proposals received and laid in the design of all the advanced (in his view) that is in the automotive industry.
At the time, "7102" was really good road model. Her complete V8 engine with two overhead camshafts for each cylinder and the rear suspension, de Dion ("De Dion"), while Ferrari ("Ferrari") used on one camshaft and the continuous rear axle. At its plant in Barcelona, ​​the company released an absolutely all accessories for the new model, the only exception of the body. Top quality ensured by a special process equipment.

The most unusual version of all "2102", featured on the New York Auto Show in 1952 his company has built a body compartments El Dominicano ("El Dominicana")
Price of cars was very high. It is often prescribed by assessing how much he can pay a customer. Between order and receipt of the finished car passed a long time. Some machines have a coupe body's own production, but mostly they were only the chassis, the body is built for third-party firms, such as Milan Touring ("Touring").
Pegaso offered with different engine options including supercharged and without it. All cars receive a 3-year warranty. For seven years, was made 110 machines. The volume of sales did not increase even with the passage in 1955 on new engine (model "Z103").

Most bodies for "Z102", and the most elegant, built Milan Touring. Cars, even in the 50s. were rare. This shows only one instance of imported to the UK - "Z102B" in 1954 with a body made of aluminum and the engine
By the mid-50s. ENASA lost interest in making cars, the reason for this - a significant increase in sales of trucks. Rikart left the company, becoming president of Lockheed France ("France Lockheed"), and the assembly of cars stopped and attempted to resume their production did not take a long time.
In the early 90s. ENASA signed a contract with a British firm LAD ("Ay-hey-dee") to restore the "Z103" with modern units. It was decided to use the car for advertising purposes during the Olympic Games in Barcelona (1992). Cars "Z103" were Spanish fiberglass and not aluminum body of Pedro Serra (Pedro Sena). Economic feasibility forced to use the V-shaped 8-cylinder engine Rover ("Rover").
Pegaso Z102 ("Pegaco Z102") 195l-l958
As Wilfredo Rikarta not concerned with profit project to create a vehicle he could use the entire experiment and its engineering talent. So a complex model of the device "Z102", debuted at the Paris Motor Show 1951
The car was originally designed for manual assembly. Its basis was a steel platform with carrier amplifiers, consisting of multiple stampings welded together, which was placed the body. Fantasies of body builders firms are most welcome. They are limited only position the engine compartment panels and wheel arches. A variety of bodies was surprised.

Option "Z103" 1955 proved to be more rare than the "Z102"
Front suspension was longitudinal torsion bars, rear suspension and de Dion used the transverse torsion bars. Massive finned brake drums rear wheels were placed on both sides of the main transmission housing, as in any car Grand Prix of the period.
The tone throughout the car asked a great V-shaped 8-cylinder engine is made ​​entirely of aluminum and distinguished removable wet cylinder liners and two raspredva by formulas for each row of cylinders. Let him in three of the working volume, with different Weber carburetors and even with a mechanical supercharger. Therefore, as such, the base car "Z102" did not exist. Meet two of the same characteristics of the machine was almost impossible.
In addition to the created and produced by the company Pegaso-bodies, offering customers a body of such companies as Saoutchik ("Sauchik"), and Touring. Pegaso has produced a total of 19 bodies, and became the most popular Touring Berlinetta ("Berlinetta"), issued in an amount of 45 pieces.

"Z102" with a coupé from Milan Touring Company
Theoretically, "Z102" could become a very successful race car. In 1953 Pegaso put the machine in the race at Le Mans, but they did not start out by accident one of them in training races. Another car was smashed in Mexico, "Carrera Pan-chan" (Carrera Panamericana). Road vehicles depending on the engine were "very high-speed or high speed." A vehicle with a naturally aspirated 2.4-liter engine was at the Jaguar XK120, a car with a 3.2-liter supercharged engine (285 hp) competed with Ferrari ("Ferrari") or Mercedes-Benz ("Mercedes Benz" .)
Option "Z103" V8 engine with a large working volume and rod pushers in the actuator valve appeared in 1955 The purpose of the modernization was to reduce the noise level, but for some reason, the attractiveness of the car and its sales have decreased. Built was less than 10 copies of "Z103".
Cars "Z102" and "Z103" is of great interest from all points of view. Of course, they require a serious effort to fine-tuning to match the ambitions of the founders. Surviving specimens are so rare that the sale of them require a huge amount.

The company Pegaso has taken the path of two other manufacturers of Spanish prestige cars - Hispano-Suiza ("Hispano-Suiza") and the National Pescara. At one time, "Z10Z" was the most expensive sports car in the world

Characteristics (Z102, 1951)
Engine: V8, two camshafts
Bore and stroke: 75x70, 80x70 or 85x70 mm
Volume: 2474, 2815 or 3178 cm3
Maximum power: 140, 170 or 210 hp (supercharged with a working volume of 3.2 liters - 275 hp)
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: torsion bar, front - independent, rear - dependent
Brakes: drum
Body: on request
Maximum speed: 225 km / h (170 hp)
Options Pegaso Z102 Pegaso Z103
Appeared in 1955 on the same chassis, but with a simple engine. There are versions of the V-shaped 8-cylinder engine is the dimension of 88x82 mm (3990 cm3, 247 hp) and 93x82 mm (4456 cm3, 285 hp). The last version of the Pegaso Z103 was the motor dimensions 93x88 mm (4780 cm3, 289 hp).
Pegaso IAD Z103
IAD Z103 - stylized original, made ​​using the Rover V8 engine and gearbox, final drive and rear suspension on the car Alfa Romeo 75. The machine is manufactured in 1992.

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