Friday, March 9, 2012



The twin brothers Francis (Francis) and Frilen Stanley (Freelan Stanley), sold the rights to their developed dry method of processing photographic plates Eastman Kodak (Eastmen Kodak), launched in 1897 to manufacture cars. Their first model, and indeed all the others, was the steam room. Its design was so perfect, that Francis Stanley defeated all opponents in competitions held during the first automobile show in New England.
This success led to the flow of orders, and the brothers began to manufacture a batch of 200 machines. However, they appeared under the name of firm Locomobile ("Lokomobayl"), which for 250 thousand dollars acquired the rights to the model of Stanley. This facilitated the problem of improving the brothers of his own design, which is in accordance with the contract did not have to appear before the May 1900 A new model of Stanley with a 2-cylinder steam engine, which directly drives the rear axle, was introduced in 1901 boiler, which was under seat, but in 1904 moved to the front of the car under the hood.

Stanley Steamer in 1910 located in front of a steam boiler
Compared with the early petrol engines steam engines of that time had a significant advantage. Stanley Steamer ("Stanley Steamer") had an excellent performance. Body Steamer, revised in the wind tunnel allowed the car to the 1906 running of Fred Marriott (Fred Marriott) develop on the beach at Daytona speeds of over 205 km / h In many ways, this contributed to a very light engine with 120 hp at 500 rev / min, weighed only 84 kg, and the boiler, to withstand a pressure of 70 bar. But this record has not been registered. The official land speed record set by Mary remained Ott earlier mark 195.73 km / h The following year, the upgraded machine, designed to reach speeds over 305 km / h, crashed. In this case seriously injured Marriott.
Travel Steamer cars also differed speed performance. Their top speed of 120 km / h Unfortunately, the outbreak in 1914 in New England epidemic of foot and mouth disease led to the elimination of roadside watering places for horses and, therefore, sources of water for the steam engine. Therefore, the company abandoned the model of Steamer, creating new and better boilers with steam condensers. As a result, the volume of production fell from 743 cars in 1914 to 126 in 1915 And yet, despite the increase in production to 500 units in 1917, the brothers sold the company in May 1918, after which she eked out a miserable existence. In 1924 it was acquired by Steam Vehicle ("Steam Viikl") from the state of Pennsylvania. But the age of steam ended. In 1927 the firm ceased to exist.
Stanley EX ("Stanley EX") 1904-1914
The second generation models of Stanley is like a car. The boiler is located in front of the machine under the hood. Changed and the location of the furnace, making trips more peaceful. The boiler withstand pressure of 45.5 bar and did not cause problems as long as the drop in water level did not lead to a clear loss of power, or a very high level it did not cause the engine getting that render it unusable.
The role of the condenser to the boiler pressure at the Stanley Steamer automobile radiator is carried out
The device other units and units of cars was very simple: axle suspension on elliptic leaf springs, brakes only on rear wheels. Of the various bodies, mounted on the chassis "EX", was the most original version of the Gentleman's Speedy Roadster ("Dzhentlmens Speed ​​Roadster"). A model with such a name was considered a competitor machines Mercer Raceabout ("Mepcep Reysebaut") and Stutz Bearcat ("Stutts Bearket"), the only serious drawback was the Stanley cars cruising range of 80 km.
1914 Stanley Steamer. 75 years after construction. His motor is provided with a velocity of 96 km / h
Characteristics (1908)
Engine: 2-cylinder steam
Bore and Stroke: 76,2 x101, 6mm
Maximum power: 30 hp
Chassis: on a wooden frame with a steel subframe
Suspension: dependent on elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: Rear drum
Body: 2 - or 4-seater
Maximum speed: 96 km / h

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