Saturday, March 10, 2012



Benjamin (Benjamin) and William (William) Dzhouitty founded the company in manufacturing passenger cars in 1910, near Bradford, Yorkshire. Back in 1905, they collected his first two prototypes of the car. Having existed for 40 years, the firm has always followed his own path.

Dzhouitty Brothers and one of the IHRA models. In 1910 they opened a factory in Bradford, where more than 40 years built cars
Jowett tried to make the car as easy as possible, and cheaper, so up to the 30s. her car had opposed the horizontal two-cylinder engines. Only in 1936 it proposed a horizontal 4-cylinder engine. The changes in ownership of the company led to the brothers retired (1940). But the firm still continued to produce cost-effective and primitively equipped cars.
After the Second World War, the company abandoned the previous approach and is aimed at making the more expensive models, offering cutting-edge Javelin ("Dzhevlin"). It was a car with a steel monocoque body, bought the company Briggs Motor Bodies ("Briggs Motor Bodiz") from Doncaster, with a horizontal 4-cylinder engine, the original torsion-spring suspension.

This logo Jowett carried two-seater sports car of Jupiter
Since Dzhouitty lost all connection with his firm, the majority of the shares was taken over by London-based bank Lazards ("Lazards"). For the sedan was released Javelin followed a small party of a sports car Jupiter ("Jupiter"). His high reputation was soon backed up by good performances in the rally and circuit racing. In 1950 he won in its class at Le Mans.

Project 2-seater sports car, "R4" was not implemented due to lack of funding in the 50s.
In the early 50s. reliability issues, especially the engine and transmission, impact on the sales of machines Javelin. By 1953 the plant has accumulated a lot of cars are not sold out. There was no choice, and production stopped. Since then, the development of new models, including a 2-seater sports "R4", stopped, and the company began production of vans Bradford ("Bradford"). In 1954 the company acquired the plant Concern International Harvester ("International Harvester").
Jowett Javelin ("Dzhouitt Dzhevlin") 1947-1953
To create a post-war model, the company Jowett invited in 1942 by Gerald Palmer (Gerald Palmer), giving him complete creative freedom. The prototype was introduced in 1946, and the following year went on sale a completely new model of Javelin.

The car had a Javelin excellent driving characteristics and the original torsion-spring suspension
From the previous machine she inherited only garklzntayakgy 4-cylinder engine. It is an attractive sedan carrying the body (in many British publications called fastback) supplied the company Briggs Motor Bodies of Doncaster.

Jowett Javelin model is often taken part in circuit racing. In the photo in 1954: Javelin cars ahead of Aston Martin DB2
The new model in almost all respects to the UK was good, different fine features and good handling. So she soon won recognition and in motor racing, constantly involved in the ring-road racing and rallying.
In 1949, Javelin was ranked first in his class at the rally in Monte Carlo, as well as a 24-hour race in Spa, Belgium. Unfortunately, the high price of the model prevented its implementation in large quantities. In the early 50s. revealed problems with the engine and gearbox. Excellent performance and appearance did not save the reputation of the car and its production was completed in 1953 for six years, was manufactured 23,307 cars.

An attractive model for the body of a company supplying Javelin Briggs Motor Bodies of Doncaster

Characteristics (1947)
Engine: Horizontal overhead valve 4-cylinder
Bore and Stroke: 72,5 x90 mm
Displacement: 1486 cm3
Maximum power: 50 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: on the host body
Suspension: torsion bar, front independent, rear axle
Brakes: drum for all wheels
Body: 2-seater or four-seat sedan
Maximum speed: 132 km / h
Jowett Jupiter ("Dzhouitt Jupiter"), 1950-1954
Once the designer Gerald Palmer left the company Jowett, was replaced by Roy Lunn (Roy Lunn). At this time, management wanted to create your own sports car, but eventually signed a contract to develop a model for the firm of ERA Dunstable.

Jupiter took part in "Marathon Pirelli" (1990)
Called the first time, ERA-Javelin, the machine was upgraded from Javelin chassis and a new tubular frame design engineer of the former Auto Union ("Auto Union"), Professor von Eberana Eberhorsta (Eberan von Eberhorst). A car with a wheelbase of 2.36 meters was introduced in 1949 and went on sale under the name of Jupiter in the summer of 1950

For access to the engine lean the entire front part of the body
It was a pretty two-seater sports car, fast and agile by the standards of the 50-ies. with opening up the block 'hood, fenders, front fascia, "which provided excellent access to the engine. Later this feature was used in the Austin-Healey Sprite ("Austin-Healey Sprite"). At the same time, the rear end was low and long, with no access from the outside in the luggage compartment.

The instrument panel has a tachometer, speedometer, temperature and oil pressure
Jupiter has had two serious problems: an expensive and complicated to manufacture the body and as a consequence, the high price. Hence, the low level of sales, although the ride qualities of the machine no doubt. During the three years of production there have been many minor improvements car design, but mainly the emergence of the trunk lid (option "Mk IA"). This led to a decrease in the size of the fuel tank.
A total of 825 complete vehicle sold, while another 75 finished the chassis set up a body of specialized firms. The replacement of Jupiter was to come "R4", but was abandoned after the acquisition of Concern International Harvester.

The streamlined body of Jupiter provided a high maximum speed

Characteristics (1950)
Engine: Horizontal overhead valve 4-cylinder
Bore and Stroke: 72,5 x90 mm
Displacement: 1486 cm3
Maximum power: 60 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: tubular steel frame on the
Suspension: torsion bar, front independent, rear axle
Brakes: drum
Body: 2-seater sports
Maximum speed: 142 km / h

No comments:

Post a Comment