Saturday, March 10, 2012



After Henry Leland (Henry Leland) sold in 1917 its share of the company Cadillac ("Cadillac"), he founded his own company to manufacture cars. Naming it in honor of the famous U.S. president, Leland produced the first car in 1920
It used nizhneklapanny engine V8, but a dull appearance of the model did not like Americans. In 1922, standing uncertainly on his feet a company acquired by Henry Ford (Henry Ford). After several years of this car is practically unchanged. In 30-ies. with the introduction of the "K" Ford, Lincoln turned to the manufacturer's expensive and prestigious models, which it remains to this day.

The presented model is a 1936 Lincoln Zephyr was conceived as a rear-
Company be adapted for the production program of Ford slowly. Lincoln used its own unique V12 engines to 40's. The integration began only in 1936 with the launch of a series of Zephyr ("Zephyr") with a monocoque body and new engine VI2.
From 1946 until now cars are at the head of Lincoln lineup of Ford, and are direct competitors of Cadillac, although the sales volume and inferior to the latter. In the 60's. Lincoln used its own engines V8, which is also installed on some models of Ford, but with time running gear, the base body and even the basic elements of the body are common to both brands, especially the Ford Thunderbird ("Thunderbird").

It shows several generations of car Lincoln, who have always been great, silent and expensive
Since 1961 there is a tendency to give all models in the name of the company's Continental ("Continental"). The emergence of another name, for example, Versailles ("Versailles") in 1977, generally in line with the beginning of the fight with a specific model, which appeared in the program of Cadillac.
The most famous models were Lincoln Continental Mark, descended from the leading car Continental 40-50s. For example, "Mk III" 1968 was a huge four-seat coupe based on the Ford Thunderbird. Its development began in 1972 "Mk IV", in 1977 - "Mk V", and in 1980 - a reduced version "Mk VI". The Next Generation called "Mk VII" and also performed based on the Thunderbird, were produced in the 90s. At the turn of the century in the program has its first suv Lincoln Navigator ("Navigator"), unified with the car Ford Expedition ("Expedition").

In the 1956 model year, the company has increased the length of the Lincoln Continental model, almost 18 inches and width - 8 of see Replace windshield cost more money
Best-selling cars of the company have always been big 4-door 6-seater Continental and spectacular hospitality Town Car ("Town Car").
For Lincoln ("Lincoln K"), 1930-1940
The first model Lincoln, which was created under the full control of the Ford, was a large and impressive "K", which is regularly upgrading, the company produced in the 30s. The appearance of this machine showed the seriousness of the intentions of Henry Ford to compete with the company Cadillac. The basis of design was a sturdy frame with a height of nearly 23 spars are three options, see the wheelbase (3.68, 3.81 and 3.94 m) and more than 20 bodies of various companies with a starting price of 4400 dollars a car.

Founded by Henry and Edsel Ford Model "K" had a chassis with a wheelbase of 3.68 meters and upgraded V8 engine 120 hp
On the first machine "K" used an old engine nizhneklapanny Lincoln V8, while the chassis was designed for the all-new V12 engine nizhneklapannogo with the collapse of the angle 65 ° (150 hp). He appeared a year later. Its die-cast housing crowned with two separate cast-iron cylinder block.
English magazine Autocar ("Otokar") experienced in the 1932 model to the Town Sedan ("Town Sedan") - a 6-seater car, maximum speed of 154 km / h Despite the enormous mass of the machine (about 2.7 m) and the excessive consumption of gasoline (28 l/100 km), Lincoln K was named "one of the most unusual cars," and drew attention to the fact that "the machine has an excellent finish body and stuffing under the hood is completely different from what is commonly associated with America ... "

First, the buyer should determine the size of the wheelbase car, and then choose from 20 different bodies, produced the best firms in the U.S., and to decide what color to paint it. Given the many options for color, we can say that two identical cars "K" was not
Because of the Depression of the early 30s. Sales appeared a few cars with an engine V12, and the total volume of sales was limited to 2000 pieces per year. In 1933 prices were reduced, and instead of the previous V8 engine began to install the engine VI2 smaller working volume. But this engine was used not for long. In 1934 appeared VI2 modernized with aluminum cylinder heads.
The very first cars had power brakes and drive freewheel in the gearbox. In 1937 he appeared in a box synchronizers, and the motor-drive hydraulic lifters valves. The first major change in the appearance of the car was in 1936 In 1937, the number of failed lamps built into the front fenders.
By the end of the 30-ies. design of the "K" more and more out of date. It lacked an independent front suspension, which did not contribute to the fight against competitors. In addition, the price of the car was 6-7 thousand dollars, the same cost and Cadillac. This explains why in 1939 it was sold only 124 cars and 133 - in 1940 after the Second World War, production of the "K" is not renewed.
Characteristics (VI2 KB, 1932)
Engine: VI2, nizhneklapanny
Bore and stroke: 82,55 x114, 3 mm
Displacement: 7340 cm3
Maximum Power: 150 hp
Transmission: 3-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 4 -, 5 -, 6 - or 7-seater
Maximum speed: 154 km / h
Variants of the model Lincoln Lincoln Model K KA and KB
Model "K" in 1930 had engine V8 (6306 cm3, 120 hp). In 1932 she received the designation of "SC" and the same with the "CB" chassis and body. V8 engine is no longer used in the late 1932 model year. In 1933-34. The symbol "SC" and "CB" consistent with the short-and long wheelbase versions of the car with the engine V12. But since 1935 both cars were once again the overall index "K". In 1933 a variant "of" the base engine was the engine VI2 reduced working volume (6255 cm3, 125 hp). From 1934 to 1940 was the main VI2 modernized with aluminum cylinder heads (6808 cm3, 150 hp).
Lincoln Continental ("Lincoln Continental") Nk III, Mk IV and Mk V 1968-1979
Well-to-great American Continental Mark models of the late 60s and early 70s. not attracted to their own characteristics, and what they symbolize. Simply put, the owner of this car emphasized their social position in society.
Lincoln Mark III appeared simultaneously with the updated Cadillac Eldorado ("Eldorado"). At that time, Ford Thunderbird ("Thunderbird") has moved decisively to a higher class. Huge and heavy Mark III had a very powerful engine, spend a lot of gasoline. All these machines differed long hood, which someone said that it can land a helicopter, a shallow trunk and wide-cabin for four, which was not so much legroom.
It is said that the head of Ford Lee Iacocca (Lee lacocca) began the first meeting of the developers "Mk III" with the immortal phrase: "Give me a Thunderbird lined Rolls-Royce". Inside, the first cars were large twin front seats, front panel with wood trim, and all sorts of devices that improve comfort. Buyer can choose between 26 exterior choices, about 70 kg of sound insulation, and miscellaneous equipment, including electric lift glass doors and adjustable seat, pass-through ventilation.
On the other hand, left much to be desired exchange rate stability, as all the cars had a very soft suspension, tires with poor quality when driving on wet roads and the brakes, not providing straight line motion is stopped.
In fact, cars Mark III-IV were the last giants of the American auto industry, since, adding to the weight and size, they become slower and failed to meet the increasingly stringent standards for toxicity and safety. In 1968 the "Mk III" engine had 365 horsepower, wheelbase 2.97 m and a mass of 2.15 tons to 1979, when it was released last "Mk V", the car weighed 2.43 t base increased to 3.06 m, and the power is rapidly decreased to 159 hp The consequent "Mk VI" (1980) is completely different from its predecessors. He was smaller (25 cm shorter and lighter by 272 kg) and received only a 5-liter engine.

Vertical logo on the hood evolved Mk III, so as not to cause injury to pedestrians

Characteristics (Mk III, 1968)
Engine: V8, the overhead
Bore and stroke: 110,79 x97, 79 mm
Displacement: 7536 cm3
Maximum Power: 365 hp
Transmission: 3-speed automatic
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: front independent on helical springs, rear semi-elliptic leaf springs on the dependent
Brakes: drum
Body: 4-seater coupe
Maximum speed: 209 km / h
Lincoln Mk VII ("Lincoln Mk VII") 1984-1988
Following the appearance in the 1982 Continental model with reduced size, which was set up on a platform of Ford Fairmont ("Fair-Mont") and got the engine V6, Lincoln developed the company is much more interesting car Mark VII. While Ford has prepared a series of streamlined cars, and Lincoln was no exception. The novelty was intended to divert customers from expensive imports BMW and Mercedes. Its structure was much more difficult to previous articles of the company. An example of this, air suspension on all wheels, and gauges the height of the body, it provides a constant level over the road. As a result, the traditional ride was supplemented at the level of controllability of imported cars.
The most delicious version of this model was the "LSC" (Lincoln Sport Coupe) with a more traditional and more rigid suspension, bigger tires and a 5-liter Ford V8 engine of increased power. In 1986 its capacity increased by injection of 200, and by 1988 - up to 225 liters. a. This car was the most athletic of all the models of Lincoln and had a good demand. In the first year it sold about 30 thousand cars.

Lincoln Mark VII model was designed for younger buyers

Characteristics (1988)
Engine: 101,6 x76, 2 mm
Bore and stroke: 4950 cm3
Displacement: 225 hp
Maximum Power: 225 hp
Transmission: 4-speed automatic
Chassis: on the host body
Suspension: Front independent MacPherson strut at the back dependent on the helical springs
Brakes: disc
Body: 2-door coupe
Maximum speed: 217 km / h

1 comment:

  1. Nowadays, most of the people didn't know the history of the Lincoln Motors. But because of your authored article many people will know the history of Lincoln Motors. This is really a great tip given in here and a good information to share with. Thanks for this input.