Saturday, March 10, 2012



The company was the brainchild of McLaren Cais Gordon Murray (Gordon Murray), a constructor of Formula 1 racing cars for the teams Brabham and McLaren. Murray had the idea for years built supercar, suitable for driving on public roads. In the late 80s. He decided it was time to begin to translate their long-held dream. On the formation of a new automotive company was officially announced March 17, 1989 She soon gathered under its roof a team of superb professionals, among whom was Peter Stevens (Peter Stevens), the creator of the car Lotus Elan ("Lotus Elan") and no less famous model Jaguar XJR ("Jaguar"). It fell by the way, and soon come upon another care specialists from the firm's Ferrari. In fact, Murray has got the entire technical department Ferrari in Guildford, which turned out in the cold after the break by the Italian firm relationship with its British designer John Barnard (John Barnard).

The beginning of the 90s. proved fruitful in the high-speed supercars. Model McLaren F1 was supposed to be the fastest and most spectacular
Since June 1991, work began on a prototype for future machines. It was not the prototype production car, but something like a laboratory on wheels, a mobile test bed. He tried out ideas and then either accepted or rejected. The debut of the finished car was in the course of the opening Grand Prix of Monaco in 1992 - a very appropriate time and is very suitable place for the car, which he defined as Murray "a fundamentally new starting point for the car superclass." Production began in 1993 until the end of the decade, a machine with an index of "F1" remains not only the fastest, most powerful and most expensive mass-produced.
McLaren F1 ("McLaren F1") 1992-1999
Even among supercars, this model clearly stood out. With the start of production in 1992 was expected that it will cost about 550 thousand GBP Designed for her engine V12, manufactured by BMW, had a working volume of 6.1 liters, individual ignition coil for each cylinder. This engine is entirely made of light alloys, established within the framework before the driven rear axle. The transfer of torque to the drive wheels carried by a transversely mounted six-speed gearbox. Estimated maximum speed was to be 402 km / h thanks to its own weight of the car (1018 kg), a small coefficient of aerodynamic drag, power 550 hp at 7000 rev / min and maximum torque of 600 Nm

Body "F1" was lifting the door of "gull wing" and the drag coefficient of 0.34. The framework, consisting of 94 parts, made ​​of a composite fiber Dyneema. Driver's seat was located strictly on the longitudinal axis of the machine
Particular attention is paid to the creators of McLaren F1 suspension and aerodynamic elements. "F1" was in the rear adjustable flaps, which allow to control the position of center of pressure of the machine during braking. By this device, the tail of the vehicle during heavy braking does not rise so that the load on the drive wheels down.

The car "F1" was created based on the experience of designing cars of Formula 1

Characteristics (1992)
Engine: VI2, two camshafts
Bore and Stroke: 86x87 mm
Displacement: 6064 cm3
Maximum Power: 550 hp
Transmission: 6-speed manual
Chassis: Composite frame
Suspension: independent on double triangular wishbone
Brakes: ventilated disc
Body: 2-seater coupe
Maximum speed: 402 km / h

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