Friday, March 9, 2012



The company was founded in 1850 in Nesselsdorfe, north Moravia, in and out of railway equipment and cars. Her first car was built in 1897 a prototype of President ("President") with an engine company Benz ("Benz"). The main Tatra engineers were Dr. Edmund Rumpler (Edmund Rumpler), Leopold Svitak (Leopold Svitak) and Hans Ledvinka (Hans Ledwinka). Worked on steam engines Ledvinka returned to Nesselsdorf in 1905 and created a model of the "S" with a 3.3-liter engine with overhead camshaft.
As with the Volkswagen Beetle ("Volkswagen Beetle"), the sound on the front panel. The driver was located in the center. Pay attention to doors, hung on the central pillar, recessed handles and three-part windscreen
In 1918 Nesselsdorf appeared in the new state Czechoslovakia, and was renamed Kopřivnice, and produced by cars in honor of the local mountain range got a brand Tatra. Back in 1923, after working briefly at the firm Steyr ("Steyr") Ledvinka quickly put on the production of his unusual passenger car Tatra-11. He had a 2-cylinder horizontal air-cooled engine rated at 12 hp backbone frame and independent suspension on all wheels. In 1923-30 years. company produced 11,070 cars Tatra-11 and similar Tatra-12 with brakes on all wheels. On the basis of fabricated and commercial vehicles, including postal vans, as well as the three-axle trucks and heavy machinery with the wheel formula 6x6. Most of them had a backbone frame, all-wheel independent suspension and air-cooled engines. In 1923, Tatra has teamed up with the manufacturer of railway rolling stock by the Prague Ringhoffer ("Ringhoffer"). Her body was building a plant in Bohemia, a special body for Tatra. She worked on it and the famous firm Kuzovnaja Sodomka ("Sodomka"). After the Second World War it became a bus factory Karosa ("Kapoca"), a 90-ies. XX century was the French branch of Renault Vehicule Industriel ("Reno Veikyul Industriel"). In 1932 production amounted to 3334 car and the company is only slightly behind the leading firm Skoda ("Skoda").
Tatra cars look very unusual, and one of the most notable features of the model Tatra 77A was huge center headlight
In 1932 the model was presented an amazing "77" - a sleek sedan with a long roof sloping rear and rear air-cooled V8 engine. Exterior doors are suspended from the central pillars, the rear wheel arches are closed, the windshield is divided into three parts, and the driver was located in the center. On the basis of this car has been created is now popular among collectors model "87" with a huge "fin" in the rear. Around the same time, was built a small prototype of the rear-"V570", much like the Volkswagen 38 ("Volkswagen") in 1938, who later became famous Beetle ("Zhuk"). The machine had a horizontal engine of 25 horsepower, which in 1931 established a model "57" with the engine in front of the body. After the Second World War the company Ringhoffer Tatra Volkswagen filed a lawsuit for patent infringement, resulting in a 1967 Tatra received compensation of 3 million German marks.
During the Second World War the company was under the control of the German administration and military vehicles produced with the same type of 4 -, 6 -, 8 - and 12-cylinder air-cooled diesel engines.
After World War II began production models of cars Tatra 57 and Tatra 97 from 4-cylinder engine. But once in power the Communist regime sent Ledvinku Finally, for six years for collaborating with the occupiers. After his release he returned to his native Austria, and later gave advice on design in Munich. In contrast, Dr. Ferdinand Porsche (Ferdinand Porsche), which was released two years later and was able to create a sports car "356", Ledvinka remained largely in obscurity and died in poverty in 1967 at age 89.
Tatra T700 had a rear air-cooled V8 engine, which is due to the central injection gave it a sporty
But the development Ledvinki were not forgotten. His successor, Dr. Julius Matskerle (Julius Mackerle) created in the 1948 model "TbOO" Tatraplan ("Tatraplan"). It was still a sleek sedan with the rear two-liter engine. Nationalized the company their main effort directed to the production of heavy trucks and passenger cars built in limited quantities and are used mainly for government officials. The main products of the plant Tatra was created in the 1944 model truck "Till". In 1962 he was replaced by a similar arrangement for the car, "T138".
In 1957 was presented to a sleek 4-door sedan "T603" with a V-shaped 8-cylinder engine, which in 1975 modernized the "studio" Vignale ("Vignal"). This option has the index of "T613." Its engine power increased to 165 hp But the company still produced mostly trucks. For example, in 1969 there were collected about four thousand, while only 250 cars. In the 70's. annual production of trucks grew to seven thousand, and in the 80s. - Up to 14 thousand in the mid 80s. a new passenger car "T700." But still the basis of the production program were military and civilian four-wheel drive truck with the wheel formula 4x4, 6x6 and 8x9 trucks and tractors for the full weight of up to 300 tons since 1990, worked as a designer at the firm, Tim Bishop, a British consultant (Tim Bishop), who created a new model "T800." Tatra always been slow on the market. In 1999, car production was stopped.
Tatra T603 ("Tatra T603"), 1956-1975
This representation sedan with streamlined forms represented a branch of a deadlock, which accounted for Volkswagen and Porsche ("Porsche"). Like them, the Czech car was zadnemo-turn. In 1964 a working volume of its 2.5-liter engine was reduced to 2.4 liters, but the power increased to 98 hp The model was designated "T2-603". Its overhead valve V-shaped 8-cylinder engine had two two-chamber carburetor, and the shifter 4-speed fully synchronized box located on the steering column. During the years of production on the engine of this model using two types of cylinder heads. Therefore, complete engines spark plugs with a long or short threaded part. The great mass of the vehicle itself has limited value of the maximum speed of 169 km / h and acceleration time from standstill to 96 km / h was 14. Fuel consumption was contrary to expectations, only 12 l/100 km. These figures do not have a car to mislead: participated in the rally "Marathon de la Route" (Marathon de la Route ") machines," T2-603 "took all three prizes.
Suspension was independent all-wheel drive, front - on the MacPherson strut and rear - slotted screw on the axle springs. Since 1970, all round disc brakes appeared instead of the drum. Up to 1956 cars had Tatra backbone frame, but the "T603" was a steel integral body length of 5.05 m with a very large overhangs. In both hind wings ending fashionable then "flippers" have placed large air intakes for engine cooling. Panoramic rear window consisted of two large halves, twin headlights were.
In the spartan cabin seats were upholstered in black vinyl with inserts of fabric or velor. The instrument panel forms an ellipse-term repeated its front fascia body contours. On the black steering wheel adorned in double chrome ring tone. On the floor under a layer of rubber floor mats for insulation foam rubber. That was the Achilles' heel "T603", because isolation of absorbed water and lead to corrosion.
The car Tatra T603 differed unusual round four-door body that was more like a classic profile of the Porsche and Volkswagen in those years
Characteristics (Tatra T603)
Engine: V8, rear-
Displacement: 2.4 liters
Chassis: on the host body
Suspension: independent, MacPherson strut front to the back to the helical springs
Brakes: drum, with the 1970 disc

1 comment:

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