Sunday, March 11, 2012



After Cheyrano Matteo (Matteo Ceirano) left he created in 1901 in Turin auto company Ceirano, he, along with Bija Guido (Guido Bigio) founded the firm in 1904 Itala. Restless Matteo already in 1906 left her, leaving the care of his partner.
Early models Itala follow the latest fashion for sports cars. In this sector, the tone was set by German company Mercedes ("Mercedes"). Itala used very flexible frame, athletic body and a 4 - or 6-cylinder low speed large displacement engines.
Soon the Itala has achieved recognition in Europe, not only because of the success in sports and patronage of the Italian king, but, more importantly, the victory of Prince Borghese Shipone (Scipione Borghese) in the Peking to Paris marathon (1907). He went on a 4-cylinder Itala route length of almost 13 thousand km, demonstrating its absolute reliability.

Itala has achieved recognition by producing racing cars with large engines. Here is a copy of 1907 (16.7 liter, 120 hp)
The largest Itala cars were 6-cylinder 11.1-and 12.9-liter 1908 model willing to buy them, and the company announced the sale in 1911, 720 cars. The motto of "Many fine" does not always bring success. Attempts by companies to produce aircraft engines Hispano-Suiza ("Hispano-Suiza") for the Italian Air Force during the First World War ended in failure.
In 20-ies. Fortune turned against the company, as motorists are refusing to buy old type cars with enormous engines. The turning point in the situation made a former engineer Giulio Cesare Cappa PAT (Giulio Cesare Sarah), hired to build cars with engines smaller working volume.
So in 1924 there was an entirely new model of Tipo 61 with 2-liter 6-cylinder engine that will keep the company afloat in the Itala for a few more years. But financial problems continued. As a result, the state corporation IRI (Corporation for redevelopment, which also controlled the affairs of the company Alfa Romeo) has introduced its control on it.
Despite this, good luck finally escaped from the Itala. Attempts to turn the Tipo Tipo 61 in improved Tipo 65 and 75 failed. The last car of this brand were gathered in 1934, after which the company closed. The remains of it a year later bought FIAT, that this brand was not revived.
Itala 35HP/40HP ("Itala 35NR/40NR) (Beijing-Paris) 1907
In 1907 the French newspaper Le Matin ("Le Matin") printed in large letters asked the question: "Will there be anyone willing to travel this summer from Peking to Paris by car?". Machine, run the dangerous journey in the first decade of the XX century must be truly exceptional.
Itself has become a model "35NR / 40NR", built specially for the Itala of Prince Borghese Shipone and is suitable to prepare for this momentous run. Its 7.4-liter 4-cylinder engine had a cast cylinders in pairs, the dimension of 130x140 mm and can operate at the low-grade gasoline. The valves are symmetrical and have been used interchangeably, the ignition - from low-voltage magneto. Surprisingly, the car had four-speed gearbox and disc clutch (replaced in Moscow). Although the route laid down on the deserted road, and a heavy load, it was the standard radiator and the engine did not suffer from overheating.

An official from Urga makes a trip to the Itala (this is the first car seen them) during the run of the Peking to Paris in 1907, his short trip scared attendants, who feared abduction
During the journey from Beijing through Mongolia, the Gobi Desert, Russia and eastern Europe, the problems with this car was a little heavy-duty, in particular, were broken springs and spokes of the wheels. At the end of the route the engine remained in good condition, and the transmission was not detected "and minor signs of wear." Even the tires, specially designed by Pirelli ("Pirelli") for this run, was kept to 4 thousand miles each.
The success of the car "3ONR/45NR" has brought huge dividends to the company. Over the next few years remains a very popular road model. A year after his triumph Itala car offered with a 6-cylinder 12.9-liter engine and long wheelbase. She had no shock absorbers and brakes acted only on the rear wheels and the transmission shaft and cited various pedals. Normal body is practically no different from the Spartan body who visited Beijing in the car.

Racer Klatten (Clutten) operates a 6-cylinder 12-liter Itala 1908 (Silverstone, 1961)

Characteristics (12,9-litre, 1908)
Engine: P6, nizhneklapanny
Bore and stroke: 140x140 mm
Displacement: 12,930 cm3
Maximum power: 75 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on the leaf springs
Brakes: Rear drum and transmission
Body: different types of
Maximum speed: 113 km / h
Options Itala 35/40HP Itala 11.1-litre
The machine had the same chassis as the model with 12.9-liter engine, but its motor is characterized by a smaller working volume.
Itala Tipo 61 ("Itala Tipo 61"), 1924-1932
After the First World War, the company hired a designer Itala Kappa to create a completely new car that meets the 20-ies. So a series of Tipo 61, which lasted until the end of the company in 1932
Tipo 61 was an ordinary 2-liter engine with overhead valve engine with polnoopornym crankshaft and an aluminum cylinder block. Supplied with all-wheel brakes, and between the gearbox and rear axle was the drive shaft.
In 1926, the car has power brakes, putting it in a large and technologically advanced models of Hispano-Suiza ("Hispano-Suiza") and Rolls-Royce ("Rolls Royce") of those years. Tipo 61 was a beautiful tourist car, made in the best Italian tradition, but the volume of its sales have not brought the company Itala profit. Could not improve any subsequent sports Tipo 65, or the latest 2.3-liter Tipo 75.

Itala Tipo 61 was one of the latest models of the company. Technically, she had gone far ahead compared to their pre-war predecessors. Sales of cars stopped in 1932

Characteristics (12,9-litre, 1908)
Engine: P6, the overhead
Bore and Stroke: 65x100 mm
Displacement: 1991 cm3
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on the leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: different types of
Maximum speed: 97 km / h
Options Itala Tipo 61 Itala Tipo 65
Tipo 65 (1928-30 gg.) Has become more athletic, having received option 2-liter engine from the Tipo 61 with two overhead camshafts and a new frame that has passed through the rear axle of her spars. This machine speeds up to 129 km / h A total of 150 copies issued.
Itala Tipo 75
Upgraded Tipo 61 long-stroke engine with a sucker rod operated valves (2309 cm3, 70 hp). The latest model of the company Itala.

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