Saturday, March 10, 2012

RILEY

RILEY 

Industrial Dynasty Riley family from Coventry formed in the XIX century. Her specialty was the production of textile machinery. Then she switched to the production of bicycles, and in 1896 at its factory built a prototype car of his own design. Since 1900 the company started producing tricycles, and in the series in 1903 went to three-wheeled car Tricar ("Trikar"). The line of these vehicles Riley came only in 1906


Introduced after the Second World War, Riley RM retained the pre-war design. Introduced in the 1948 version of the Roadster had the engine cylinder capacity 2443 cm3
Over the next 32 years, Riley has been one of the leading automobile companies in Coventry, is gradually gaining prestige manufacturer of sports cars. Before World War Riley used mainly engines V2. Only in 1913 introduced a model with nizhneklapannym 4-cylinder engine. Since 1919, when a new series of cars with the famous V-shaped radiator, and began to develop a specific style of Riley. Based on the model of "NDP" in this series was created and the first real sports car Redwinger ("Reduinger").
The most important event of that time (1926) should recognize the start, created by Percy Riley (Percy Riley), a series of remarkable engines. Prior to 1936, he presented several motors, all - with a hemispherical combustion chamber, located opposite each other inlet and outlet valves and two camshafts, one on each side of the block.


Car Riley Kestrel 1935 with the original fastback body-
The first of these engines installed on the model of the Nine ("Nain") and continued to use until 1938, when the company came under the control group Nuffield ("Nuffield"). It was followed by similar design 6-cylinder engines the early 30's., 1.5-liter "four" (1935), V8 and 2.5-liter Big Four ("Big Four" - "Big Four") in 1937


Riley RM Roadster 1951 had a 90-hp engine with two camshafts and torsion front suspension
In 30-ies. it seemed that the company has workshops and Riley shop around Coventry. Some of them have built the body, while others produce engines, cars collected in the third. The company flourished. Then Riley Guide carried away sports cars and racing. Parallel models' 9NR ", which enjoyed the greatest demand, the company has produced a large number of vehicles with 4 - and 6-cylinder engines. True, they bought up reluctantly.


Sports Riley IRI 1934 on the basis of race car "11" in 1933 raised the prestige of the firm.
Renowned for its sporting bodies and the characteristics of the model Brooklands Nine ("Bruklends Nain"), Lynx ("Lynx"), Imp ("Imperial"), "MPR" and Sprite ("Sprite") did not bring profits. The racing program is delivered only moral satisfaction, almost no effect on sales growth. In 1937, the financial affairs of Riley declined the following year was introduced by an external control, and at the same time the company came under the control of Lord Nuffield, later included it in his group, and then - in the British Motor Corporation (Navy - "British Motor Corporation ").


The emblem of Riley
Immediately after the Second World War, the company presented a wonderful model "RM" with 1.5 - and 2.5-liter engines. In 1949 he was transferred to the car assembly plant of the company MG (GM-GM) in the Abin-gdone, but since the mid 50s. under the name Riley began to produce cars Navy. The last and, oddly enough, the most popular Riley turned out to be a small front-wheel drive car based on the Mini and the Navy, "1100". After creating the group in 1969, British Leyland ("British Leyland") Mark Riley has ceased to exist.
Riley MPH ("Riley MPH"), 1934-1935
First-line 6-cylinder engine, the company introduced in 1928, and in 1932 there was a sports-racer Brooklands Six with a wheelbase of 2.74 meters a year later created a shortened version of "TT" with a wheelbase of 2.47 m, became the basis for a series of sports cars with a 2-liter engine.


Riley MPH 1934 Due to the high prices have built a total of 17 copies
"MRN" 1934 was perhaps the most interesting appearance of the car mid-30s. At that time it was an expensive and rare model, but have survived all of the 17 built copies. Car body design reminiscent of a car Imp. The central part of their bodies was the same, hood and front fenders, "MPH" have become longer and smoother. On the shell, covered the spare tire, there was a small "fin" in the style of vehicles Alfa Romeo ("Alfa Romeo").


Spartan execution and high prices have led to the emergency replacement of "MPH" to a less expensive model Sprite
This fast and powerful model equipped with the latest in-line b-cylinder Riley. Less than a year of production (production of "MPH" ceased in late 1935 because of the appearance model of Sprite) engine capacity was changed three times. For fans of sports car class less than 1.5 liter engine company has established a working volume of 1458 cm3, for the ordinary use of the engine was designed in 1633 cm3, and for the sedan "15/6" - in 1726 cm3.


On the Riley MPH established a proven racing line 6-cylinder engine cylinder capacity of 1458 cm3
In the commercial for "MRN" waiting for a failure, as willing to pay for this car is 550 GBP was very little, despite the fact that a maximum speed of 137 km / h the car seemed to be absolutely secure. Instead, a model Sprite with a 1.5-liter 4-cylinder engine and modified bodywork with a more spacious interior. In addition, the new car has a convex grille with vertical slots and wings, the best closing wheels.
Another advantage to "MPH" has become less price-only 425 GBP, but it is not possible to raise the level of sales. Records on production volumes are not preserved. It is believed that it was produced from 50 to 70 cars Sprite, and the last five collected in 1938 as it turned out it was the last true sports car is Riley, because later the company produced sedans and coupes with removable top - elegant, but not sports.


Sprite

Characteristics (MRN, 1934)
Engine: P6, the overhead
Bore and stroke: 57x95, 2, 60,3 x95, 2, or 62x95, 2 mm
Volume: 1458, 1633 or 1726 cm3
Maximum power: 70 hp (1726 cm3)
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 2-seater sports
Maximum speed: 137 km / h
Options Riley MPH Riley Sprite ("Riley Sprite")
Direct descendant (1935-38 gg.) Car "MPH" to the frame spars with a closed cross-section and a number of stylistic innovations. Some cars were modified radiator grille. Engine - 4-cylinder in-line dimension 69x100 mm (1496 cm3, 60 hp). Maximum speed - 130 km / h
Riley Imp ("Raleigh Imperial"), 1934-1935
The history of this small model is associated with the Brooklands Six 1932 - race-sports car with a wheelbase of 2.74 meters and a new frame with curved spars, whose level was below the axis of the rear axle. This frame models "MPH" / Sprite shortened to a wheelbase of 2,28 m A value is based on a shortened version of it created a new sports car road Imp.
Initially, doubts arose about the possibility of speeding up the engine installed. Soon, the leadership was represented by several of his choices. Presented them as employees of the company and individuals. The most powerful was the 1-liter engine Nine, develops due to a very high pressure boost 183 hp at 7400 rev / min. This was to provide an easy-korotkobaz Nome outstanding performance car, motor - durability. As a result, the machine has brought glory to the creator than Riley sports models.


This Riley Imp is involved in the race after half a century after his birth
All three models sport the same time the company created in 1933 by engineer Donald Healey (Donald Healey). The fact that these cars are superficially reminiscent of the past development of the Italian Alfa Romeo ("Alfa Romeo"), there was no chance. Southerners produced the most stylish sports cars of those years. It is no coincidence that after he left the firm Triumph ("Triumph") Healy created a largely similar to the Alfa Romeo Model Straight Eight ("Straight Eight"). However, her body did not have enough finesse of Italian equivalent.
In all respects, Imp was a great little car with a long hood and short trunk, long flowing wings, cutouts in the back instead of doors, folding front windshield, and of course the famous motor Riley Nine with hemispherical combustion chambers.
On the other hand, the frame of the car was too strong for him, the engine power was only 40 hp, and on some machines slowed down the acceleration a heavy 4-speed gearbox type "ENV" a preliminary choice includes the transfer. In addition, the interior Imp was so narrow that many owners have never used a removable side panels, in which they rested their elbows.
Did not help and the price of Imp, which stood in 1934, GBP 298 for instance with a conventional manual transmission, though no one could complain about the controllability of the machine, its nature or design. During the production company has released copies of the 150-200 model, Imp. Many of them have survived and are considered typical British sports cars of those years. The demand among collectors for these machines is high.


To build a model of Imp resulted Brooklands Six 1932 His 6-cylinder engine developed power to 300 hp

Characteristics (1934)
Engine: P4, the overhead
Bore and Stroke: 60,3 x95, 2 mm
Displacement: 1087 cm3
Maximum power: 40 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual or pre-selection stage
Chassis: the steel frame
Suspension: dependent on semi-elliptic leaf springs
Brakes: drum
Body: 2-seater sports
Maximum speed: 113 km / h










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